He began his career in 1979 as Assistant Director to Jean-Luc Godard, Krzysztof Kieslowski and Bertrand Tavernier.
In 1995, he took over the camera and directed Madame Jacques sur la Croisette, a short film about one of the recurring topics of his work, the Holocaust.
A prize winner in many festivals, he won, notably, the 1997 César for best short film.
Voyages, his first feature film revealed him to the general public in 1999 (two César and one prize at the Directors’Fortnight, Prix Louis Delluc first film). Followed in 2009 by Nulle part, terre promise, rewarded in numerous festivals (Prix Jean Vigo) and in 2016, by Je ne suis pas un salaud.
He shot also too documentaries: Casting (2001) has won many prizes at French and international festivals and Je Suis (2012), won the Best Film Prize at the Un autre regard Festival.
His latest feature film, La Douleur, was released this year.